We are a consortium of industry leaders working toward safer automated vehicle developments.

Stepping up to earn the public's trust.

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MEMBERS SHARING A COMMITMENT

About the AVSC

Part of SAE Industry Technologies Consortia, the AVSC lauched at a critical time in the development of automated driving systems. Learn more about our work and our impact.

WHO WE ARE

AVSC members include global OEMs, and specialized developers. Together, we bring decades of experience launching safe, effective mobility technologies. By working together, we'll inform and accelerate industry-wide safety standards for automated driving systems.

WHAT WE DO

We convene to establish and publish safety principles into three themes: testing, interaction, and data. These technology-neutral principles are key considerations for deploying automated vehicles on public roads.

WHY NOW?

Automated vehicles are on our roads today. Their widespread adoption will bring innumerable benefits: safer roads, increased access, and a cleaner environment. At its core, our work endeavors boost public confidence in the technologies underpinning AVs, and demonstrate that that major industry players take safety seriously.

AVSC Publication Summary 

AVSC best practice documents are the result of information sharing and collaboration from industry members. They represent an agreement of the topics that are most relevant to the safe development and deployment of automated vehicles. AVSC members agree on WHY these topics are important, and WHAT the resulting recommendations are while leaving to the individual developer HOW to implement these best practices within their organization. 

Fallback Test Driver Training 

Nov 2019  SAE J3018, Dec 2020

WHY is it important?

In-vehicle fallback test drivers (IFTDs) contribute to safety during testing and therefore must be thoroughly trained on the automated driving system, the intended operational design domain, and controlling the vehicle to minimize risk.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Qualifications and training for on-board human oversight of testing 
  • Criteria and processes for selecting and training test personnel 
  • Pre-work shift and post-work shift recommendations
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Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 │ SAE J3206, July 2021 │ SAE J3259 in progress

WHY is it important?

A description of an ADS Operational Design Domain (ODD), commonly defined terms and a framework in which to apply them are fundamental to promote consistent communication and help ensure that users’ ADS expectations are aligned with capabilities.

WHAT is recommended?

  • A conceptual framework and lexicon for describing the ODD
  • A consistent list of variables with definitions for describing the ODD
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Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020 │ SAE J3114 in progress

WHY is it important?

No standards or industry guidance currently address passenger control (agency) for emergency reasons completely unrelated to the ADS’s ability to perform the Dynamic Driving Task (DDT).

WHAT is recommended?

  • Recommended processes for passenger-initiated emergency
  • Criteria and processes for passenger initiation of the features from inside a vehicle
  • Communication with passengers, fleet operations, enhanced diagnoses of situation
  • Interaction outside the vehicle with other road users, and general post-stop actions
DOWNLOAD

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Data Collection

Sept 2020 │ SAE J3197, July 2021

WHY is it important?

Addresses data collection for event analysis for lessons learned from critical driving scenarios (i.e., what an ADS “saw” and the actions it took). Efficiently and consistently identifying safety issues for deployed vehicles is important to gaining the trust and confidence of the public.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Common data collection practices for the purpose of event analysis and producing lessons learned.
  • Clarifies areas specific to ADS-DVs.
  • Definition of data elements, considerations for data prioritization, retrievability, survivability, storage, and traceability.
DOWNLOAD

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020 │ SAE J3206, July 2021

WHY is it important?

Information for ADS developers on first responder awareness, understanding, standardized approach, and training for interacting with automated vehicles.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Defines common first responder roles, interactions, and use cases.
  • Recommended protocols for ADS developers and manufacturers to use when interacting with first responders across multiple use cases.
  • Provides a framework to promote consistency for ADS developers and manufacturers in creating, distributing, and maintaining a first responder interaction plan
DOWNLOAD

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 │Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

WHY is it important?

Credible, practicable, and consistent ways to measure ADS performance are essential to garner public trust and confidence. Several ways have been put forward, but not widely adopted. Measuring safety outcomes is a complex task; requiring considerable time and exposure to achieve statistical significance.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Foundational set of metrics to assess safety performance of the dynamic driving task.
  • Recommends measuring safety outcomes (crashes and compliance with traffic regulations) and predictive metrics (maintaining a safety envelope, exhibit contextually safe vehicle motion control, and Object and event detection and response (OEDR).
  • Methods for assessing dynamic driving task (DDT) focused on aggregate results of several metrics
DOWNLOAD

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Adapting a Safety Management System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

Nov 2021

WHY is it important?

There is value in assessing a set of behavioral competencies as directional indication of safety performance. Elemental behaviors can be used as starting point for additional assessment.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Clarity on lexicon and relationship between maneuvers, OEDR and behaviors.
  • Glimpse into how AVSC members are using behavioral competencies within their organizations as part of a safety assurance framework.
  • Elemental behavioral competency list can be used and customized by developers to demonstrate safety performance in whatever context they choose.
  • Example of a repeatable method to tie in previous work of AVSC (ODD, Metrics) to develop application-specific metrics, using “Maintaining a Lane” to illustrate.
DOWNLOAD

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

July 2021

WHY is it important?

Managing the operational safety risks during testing is an important aspect of SAE Level 4 and 5 ADS development. A Safety Management System (SMS) is one approach designed to support organizational safety in a systematic and integrated way.

WHAT is recommended?

  • Information Report shares information on a Safety Management System (SMS) framework considering ADS testing and evaluation.
  • Create awareness of sound and effective approaches. Leverage approaches and/or frameworks used by other industries.
  • Promote a safety culture, a system to assess and manage safety risk, evaluate risk control strategy effectiveness, and support organizational safety policies and objectives.
DOWNLOADOpens in a new window.

Fallback Test Driver Training

Nov 2019  
SAE J3018, Dec 2020

Operating Design Domain

April 2020 SAE J3206
July 2021 SAE J3259 in progress

Passenger Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

June 2020

SAE J3114 in progress

Data Collection 

Sept 2020 
SAE J3197, July 2021

First Responder Interactions

Dec 2020
SAE J3206, July 2021

Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance 

Mar 2021 SAE J3206
Under consideration for SAE J3237 and ISO 5083 working groups

Adapting a Safety Management
System (SMS) for ADS Testing and Evaluation

July 2021

Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

Nov 2021

AVSC Publication Summary 

AVSC best practice documents are the result of information sharing and collaboration from industry members. They represent an agreement of the topics that are most relevant to the safe development and deployment of automated vehicles. AVSC members agree on WHY these topics are important, and WHAT the resulting recommendations are while leaving to the individual developer HOW to implement these best practices within their organization. 

NAVIGATING TOWARD SAFER DEPLOYMENTS

The AVSC has identified a number of Principles that support the safe development of SAE Level 4 and 5 automated driving systems. The AVSC operationalizes these high-level statements in best practice documents available to the public.

 

We will continue to add new principles throughout 2022. Check back soon!

PUBLICATIONS

AVSC Best Practice for Evaluation of Behavioral Competencies for Automated Driving System Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs)

AVSC00008202111

Recommends an elemental list of behavioral competencies, lexicon, and framework for ADS developers to evaluate the safety performance of an ADS-DV.  Linking behavioral competencies to a key set of scenarios for a given ODD provides relevant evidence for ADS safety performance and contributes to manufacturer’s case for safety. 

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AVSC Information Report for Adapting a Safety Management System (SMS) for Automated Driving System (ADS) SAE Level 4 and 5 Testing and Evaluation 

AVSC0007202107

Shares information on how a Safety Management System (SMS) framework can support ADS test operations. This information report highlights how an integrated organizational safety approach may help risk-based decision-making during SAE Level 4 and 5 ADS testing and evaluation.  

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AVSC Best Practice for Metrics and Methods for Assessing Safety Performance of Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

AVSC0006202103

Recommends a set of metrics that may be used to assess ADS safety performance of the dynamic driving task (DDT). The metrics and methods described are principally designed to provide evidence of safety performance for deployment of fleet-operated/managed SAE level 4 and 5 ADS-dedicated vehicles (ride-hailing or product delivery).

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AVSC Best Practice for First Responder Interactions with Fleet-Managed Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs)

AVSC0005202012

Recommends a common approach for ADS developers to describe the interactions, protocols, and vital information, to facilitate first responder interactions with SAE level 4/5 fleet operated vehicles.

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AVSC Best Practice for Data Collection for Automated Driving System Dedicated Vehicles to Support Event Analysis

AVSC0004202009

Recommendations for uniform collection, storage, and retrievability of onboard motor vehicle ADS event data to support analysis and learning from critical driving scenarios.

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AVSC Best Practice for Passenger-Initiated Emergency Trip Interruption

AVSC00003202006

As passengers take rides in fleet-managed automated driving system-dedicated vehicles (ADS-DVs), they may feel the need to interrupt the trip due to a perceived emergency. There is currently no industry consensus on the proper balance between ADS passenger agency and the potential for introducing unexpected outcomes in dynamic traffic environments.

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AVSC Best Practice for Describing an Operational Design Domain: Conceptual Framework and Lexicon

AVSC00002202004

The Operational Design Domain (ODD) describes the conditions under which an automated driving system (ADS) operated vehicle is designed to function. The ODD could include, but is not limited to, aspects of the environmental, geography, time-of-day, and the presence or absence of certain traffic or roadway characteristics.

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AVSC Best Practice for safety operator selection, training, and oversight procedures for automated vehicles under test

AVSC00001201911

This Best Practice addresses the qualifications and training for on-board human oversight of testing for automated driving system (ADS)-operated vehicles. The Best Practice applies to humans within the vehicle responsible for the safe oversight of development and testing SAE Level 4 and Level 5 automated driving systems on public roads.

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